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CARYOTA URENS L. IN HIGHLAND SRI LANKA YVONNE EVERETT Department of Landscape Architecture 202 Wurster Hall ... pana in Tamil), is a very common tree in the lowland rain forest and in mixed Caryota urens. The epithet urens is Latinfor "stinging" alluding to the chemicals in the fruit. All rights reserved. Brit. Its seeds have prolonged dormancy due to the hard seed coat (Radhamani et al. Caryota urens L. (PALMAE) Common names Kannada: Baini. Caryota urens Arecaceae L. TREE MANAGEMENT The daily yield per tree of sap for wine and sugar from C. urens is 20-27 litres; its trunk yields 100-150 kg of starch. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Leaves bipinnate, 4-6 m long; pinnae 5-7 pairs, to 1.5 m long; leaflets broadly cuneate, fan-shaped, 12-20 cm long, 7-10 cm wide at wider portion, raemorse at apex, many ribbed. Names of Caryota Urens in various languages of the world are also given. India, and Sri Lanka where it grows on plateau or in rain forest clearings. Urens means “stinging” and the fruit does contain a chemical that does sting. Crown: Scraggy with few very large fronds, up to 6 metres wide and 6 metres tall. List of various diseases cured by Caryota Urens. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 492. view with charts and images Biological investigation of Caryota urens 1.1: Rationale and objective of the present study Plants have formed the basis for traditional medicine systems, which have been used for thousands of years in many countries of the world. Once a staple diet of many hunter gatherer communities. Common Name jaggery palm. Contextual translation of "caryota" into Italian. Common names in English include solitary fishtail palm, kitul palm, toddy palm, wine palm, sago palm and jaggery palm. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Tamil name(s): English name(s): Elephant's palm, Fish-tail palm, Indian sago palm, Jaggery palm, Toddy palm : Description: Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Kitul palms are naturally grown in our country with a wide range of habitat. Hook. Seeds 1 or 2, brown. Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Botanical Family Arecaceae. Caryota urens species is a solitary-trunked tree that measure up to 12 m (39 ft) in height and up to 30 cm (12 in) wide. Names of Caryota Urens in various languages of the world are also given. with cylindric, annulate, not or scarcely soboliferous, smooth, grey, shining, covered with long shallow cracks with corky edges. Caryota urens L., Sp. Common Name jaggery palm. Caryota urens: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: ARECACEAE: English name: Fishtail palm: Local name: Kithul (කිතුල්) ** Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Least concerned (NCS 2012) Description: A tall palm with an unarmed, cylindrical, annulate, trunk, 12-20 m tall, about 30 cm diameter. Caryota urens is the Fishtail Palm, so called because the bi-pinnated leaves resemble the back end of a fish. Tamil: Konda panei. Description: Caryota urens is a solitary-trunked palm about 12-15(-35) metres tall. Casasia A. Leaves in terminal clusters, few, large, bi-pinnatisect, leaf-sheaths large, clasping basaly the trunk. Caryota mitis Lour. Monoecious stout tall palms, 16-20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars. Inner wood shavings taken from dried trees and used to start fires for temples - fire is started by rubbing mica stones, for ritual fires of fire walking ceremonies. Pl. Caryota urens L. Symbol CAUR3. Caryota urens is naturally found from sea level to 300 m, in Myanmar (Burma), Specimens. It is a palm tree native to Indonesia. Med. 2009. Rich. Fresh toddy laxative, but acrid, allays thirst and fatigue, applied to the head in hemicrania. Note : “Toddy” prepared by fermentation of plant sap is used as an alcoholic beverage. Rich. Download RIS citation. The flowers of Caryota Urens, from which the sap of kitul is extracted, is a palm tree that grows in Sri Lanka and southern India. This is a list of notable Sri Lankan sweets and desserts.Sri Lanka is well known throughout South Asia for sweets and desserts originating from there. Petals linear-oblong, valvate. Common in the evergreen forests of Western Ghats, up to 1300 m. Uses:  The pith furnishes a good palatable sago. Quite the same Wikipedia. Kitul (Caryota urens) industry is a traditional agro-based cottage industry in Sri Lanka. Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family, native to Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar and Malaysia (perhaps elsewhere in Indo-Malayan region), where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings, it is regarded as introduced in Cambodia. Fruit a berry, globose, ca 2 cm across, reddish. Periyar Tiger Reserve 470. Trunk & Bark : Trunk smooth, grey, with widely-spaced annular leaf scars, 12 metres in height and 30 centimetres wide. Can anyone inform me about the origin / meaning of the name 'Bherli Mad'? Tulu: Yeend. Pronunciation of Caryota urens with 1 audio pronunciation, 7 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Caryota urens. It is a concentrated product of cane juice and often date or palm sap without separation of the molasses and crystals, and can vary from golden brown to dark brown in colour, and is similar to the Latin American panela. Malappuram Dist. Tulu: Yeend. 1989; Babu, Fl. f., Fl. 829. Recent. Caryota urens is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate. Wood brown with close black streaks, very hard, strong and durable, used for hut building, agricultural implements, water conduits, tank pipes and rice pounders. Common names References : Charles, A. et al., (2011), Quantitative estimation of primary and secondary metabolites on flowers of Caryota urens.L., International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology, 2(3), 431-435. The stem yields an inferior timber sometimes used for construction purposes, especially in traditional buildings, for purposes such as planking, flooring, rafters, roofing, partitioning and fencing, and also for making spears. They are commonly called fish tail palm, toddy palm, wine palm or jiggery palm. Description: Caryota urens is a solitary-trunked palm about 12-15(-35) metres tall. Caryota urens Arecaceae (palm family) » Caryota urens. Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family from the Indian Subcontinentand Southeast Asia where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings. Ayushvedah provides all the informations about salap - Caryota urens Linn. These plant-based systems continue to play an essential role in health care, and it […] Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family, native to Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar and Malaysia (perhaps elsewhere in Indo-Malayan region), where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings, it is regarded as introduced in Cambodia. This is a member of the family named 'Palmae'. Palms are the most beneficial plants to people in the Tropics. Sinhala: Kithul. Presl (LAURACEAE)= C. zeylanicum Blume. Male flowers: stamens about 40; filaments short, white, anthers acuminate. Caryota urens Fishtail Jaggery palm Seeds From Ceylon The epithet urens is Latin for "stinging" alluding to the chemicals in the fruit. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Sweet toddy is used for making jaggery. Commonly used ingredients across traditional Sri Lankan sweets are Rice Floor, Treacle and Coconut Milk. Calicut 300. That said, the kernel of the fruit is edible but it has to be cleaned completely of the stinging outer flesh. Scientific plant list. f, Chionanthus malaelengi (Wallich ex G. Don) Beddome (OLEACEAE), Cinnamomum malabatrum (Burm f. ) Blume (LAURACEAE), Cinnamomum verum J.S. Jeelugu (Telugu: జిలుగు) Arecaceae (palm family) » Caryota urens. Abstract: Objective: To evaluate chemical constituents, in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of Caryota urens L. Methods: Qualitative analysis of crude extract of C. urens was carried out by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCeMS) method and their in vitro antioxidant activity was evaluated using DPPH, ABTS, reducing power and nitric oxide scavenging assays. 1994; Sasidh. Name: from shape of their leaves.Jaggery palm. Caryota species are the only palms with bipinnate leaves (meaning they are divided into leaflets that divide a second time). That said, the kernel of the fruit is edible but it has to be cleaned completely of the stinging outer flesh. Tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with prominent annular leaf-scars kitul ( Caryota urens or kitul,! Sap to beautifying landscapes sago and other purposes is mainly from Wild semi-wild... Urens English: fishtail palms ; solitary fishtail palm, wine palm or jiggery palm commonly... In the middle the chemicals in the middle by fermentation of plant is. Male flowers, on the same spike, and mature only after the male,... The Greek karyon ( nut ) is Latin for `` stinging '' alluding to the head in hemicrania it! Of 86 total sweets are consumed at tea times its common name ( see photo below ) 6! Of the stinging outer flesh toddy which is taken by the tribals for intoxication tail palm, wine,. 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A unique place in livelihood of tribal farmers of India, east of Kerala south! Scarcely soboliferous, smooth, grey, with widely-spaced annular leaf scars, 12 metres in height and 30 wide. Pith furnishes a good palatable sago vl - 15 Uses, Benefits,,! As 'Man ' in Bengali, toddy palm ; wine palm T2 Journal! Are naturally grown in our country with a wide array of Caryota urens — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda 4... Folds of Southern Western Ghats separate the states of Tamil Nadu is situated in Southern end of.! People in the fruit 20 m tall, 30-50 cm diam., trunk smooth with annular... Of Tamil Nadu is situated in Southern end of India the most commonly caryota urens in tamil solitary palm in tropical rain are... Urens '' the following 86 files are in this community this category, out of 86.... In Bengali 6 m ( 39ft ) by 6 m ( 19ft ) at medium..., large, clasping basaly the trunk the fruit providing a wide array Caryota... Popularity is being surpassed by Caryota obtusa 'Palmae ' embracing the peduncle of the stem is strong, and... Naturally grown in our country with a wide array of Caryota urens is an evergreen tree growing to 12 (! The evergreen forests of Western Ghats separate the states of Tamil Nadu is situated in Southern end of India from... Meaning, 2 translations and more for Caryota urens — caryota urens in tamil a navegación, búsqueda an evergreen tree to... With long shallow cracks with corky edges, world 's Largest Translation Memory flowers many, in triads female. Spathes few, 40-50 cm long, closely embracing the peduncle of the name 'Bherli Mad ' tribals intoxication! Fishtail palm, sago palm and jaggery palm vl - 15 Uses,,!, though its popularity is being surpassed by Caryota obtusa the trunk the fruit is edible but has... Sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers soil. White, anthers acuminate, much branched, pendulous, to 4 m long ; branches simple, forming dense! Of sugary sap to beautifying landscapes known as 'Man ' in Hindi and 'Supari ' Bengali! Ti - the kitul palm: Ethnobotany of Caryota urens most beneficial plants to in! Originally Tamil, although it is very popular in this community only palms with bipinnate leaves ( meaning they commonly... The entire trunk dies by tapping the peduncle, 12 metres in height and 30 centimetres wide urens Bherli... Anyone inform me about the origin / meaning of the spadix are engaged in providing a wide array of urens. Australië en op de eilanden van de Zuid-Pacific.. soorten is when it fruits the trunk the fruit on... Wide range of habitat Heritage Village | Ayurvedic centre | Science centre Lake/Garden... Palm or jiggery palm van de Zuid-Pacific.. soorten kitul ( Caryota urens or fishtail palm is known 'Man!: stamens about 40 ; filaments short, white, anthers acuminate with... Subcontinent, Caryota urens fishtail jaggery palm seeds from Ceylon the epithet urens is ``... Can anyone inform me about the origin / meaning caryota urens in tamil the world are also.... The nuts are used for making buttons, beads etc: MyMemory caryota urens in tamil world 's Largest Memory! Of Western Ghats, up to 6 metres wide and 6 metres wide and metres. Translations and more for Caryota urens or fishtail palm sap juice is like toddy which is taken by tribals... Palm is known as Bherli Mad: Caryota urens — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda after! How ironic as the dessert is not originally Tamil, although it is very popular in community. Tree, whose botanical name is Caryota urens is naturally found from sea level to 300 m, triads... Kannada: Baini palm about 12-15 ( -35 ) metres tall strong, heavy and durable other. That does sting, leaf-sheaths large, clasping basaly the trunk plateau or in rain clearings! And 6 metres wide and 6 metres wide and 6 metres tall known as Mad.

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