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Originally built as an icebreaker, the ship arrived at Boston, Mass., on 25 February for overhaul and fitting out as a unit of the United States Atlantic Fleet.  On several occasions of simificant shell damage, the oppotunity was taken to perform metallurgical examination on cropped-out hull plate. "Under Way With the 140-foot Icebreaker-Tugs." Currently the Coast Guard’s complement of icebreakers includes the 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star which underwent an extensive three-year reactivation in 2013. Her name was changed to Staten Island on 15 April 1952 to avoid confusion with the Coast Guard ship Northwind. Status: Decommissioned: 29 February 1988 sold and scrapped. Renamed Admiral Makarov in honor of the designer and builder of the world�s first ocean-going icebreaker, the ship operated in the Soviet Navy north of Russia and Siberia for four and one-half years before the Soviet Union returned her to the United States at Yokosuka, Japan, on 28 December 1949. The Danish ships are armed with 76mm guns and the ability to add StanFlex modules that might include surface to surface and surface to air missiles. Southwind (WAG-280) was laid down on 20 July 1942 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Pipe & Steel Co.; launched on 8 March 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Ona Jones; and commissioned by the U.S. Coast Guard on 15 July 1944. She was sold to Levin Metals Corp. on 7 October 1980 and was scrapped as of 28 April 1982. Sea were designed to break 6.5 feet. 156-158. The Wind class icebreakers (WAGB) were in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime.The list is in chronological order. The good news is that work has commenced on the first new heavy polar icebreaker for the United States Coast Guard in 43 years. The Wind Class icebreakers were built as a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers. They had several mission in the Arctic, but until recent years most of the missions of the Polar Class icebreakers were in the Antarctic. Construction. Southwind was decommissioned on 23 March 1945 and transferred to the Soviet Union under the terms of lend-lease on 25 March. Three of the vessels of the class, the Westwind, the Southwind, and the first Northwind all went on to serve temporarily for the Soviet Union under the Lend-Lease program, while two others were built for the United States Navy and another was built for the Royal Canadian Navy; all eight vessels were eventually transferred to the United States Coast Guard and the Canadian Coast Guard. Returned to  United States Navy in 1950 as the USS Atka, then transferred in 1966 to  United States Coast Guard where she was known as the USCGC Southwind. Bids for disposition of the ship opened on 27 August 1980. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Coast Guard. The Wind-class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. The HTS specification has included normalized plate since it was introduced in 1953. The Wind - class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Coast Guard and Soviet Navy from 1944 through the late 1970s. Decommissioned on 31 October 1966, Atka was immediately transferred back to the Coast Guard under the designation WAGB-280. United States Coast Guard (more on United States Coast Guard) USCGC Eastwind (WAGB 279) USCGC Northwind (i) (WAGB 278) USCGC Northwind (ii) (WAGB 282) USCGC Southwind (WAGB 280) USCGC Westwind (WAGB 281) 4 Icebreakers (5 names) of the Wind class. Her name was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 November 1966. Renamed Severny Polyus by the Russians, the icebreaker remained in Soviet hands through the end of World War II. [15][16][17], This was the second icebreaker commissioned Northwind. Naval InstituteProceedings 95 (Feb 1979), pp. But only one is really considered a so-called 'heavy' icebreaker. A total of 220 tons of water could be shifted from one side to the other in as little as 90 seconds, which induced a list of 10 degrees. PIASECKI (VERTOL) HUP-3 (RETRIEVER). On 15 December 1966, Burton Island was decommissioned and transferred to the Coast Guard, the last of the U.S. Navy icebreakers to be so transferred. The USCG has been working towards securing funding for a new polar class icebreaker for at least the past decade. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); She was based on Wind Class but she was wider and longer than the wind class.... Model Ship Plans / other ship plans Polar Star . USCGC Southwind(WAGB-280)was a Wind-class icebreaker that served in the United States Coast Guard as USCGC Southwind(WAG-280), the Soviet Navy as the Admiral Makarov, the United States Navy as USS Atka(AGB-3)and again in the U.S. Coast Guard as USCGC Southwind(WAGB-280). 7×269-foot heavy (Wind-class) icebreakers that could break up to 13-feet of sea ice, armed with 5″ guns and capable of carrying a helicopter. Such heeling was accomplished by shifting water rapidly from wing tanks on one side of the ship to the other. Labrador served in RCN from 1954 to 1957. 386-389. Northwind was one of the icebreakers designed by Lieutenant commander Edward Thiele and Gibbs & Cox of New York, who modeled them after plans for European icebreakers he obtained before the start of World War II. Returned to  United States Navy in 1951, transferred to  United States Coast Guard in 1952. On 04 September 1954, the U.S. Navy icebreaker USS Burton Island (AGB 1) and the U.S. Coast Guard icebreaker USCGC Northwind (WAGB 282) became the first two ships to transit the fabled Northwest Passage through the ice-choked M�Clure Strait. Icebreakers, 420-foot Healy class (WAGB) The Coast Guard’s largest ship, the CGC Healy, was launched in 1997 and commissioned in 2000, joining the two Polar-class icebreakers in their homeport of Seattle, Washington. She was the fifth of seven completed ships of the Wind-class of icebreakers operated by the United States Coast Guard. Burton Island (AG-88) was laid down on 15 March 1945 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Pipe & Steel Co.; launched on 30 April 1946; sponsored by Mrs. Maud Norris, wife of Capt. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Naval Institut… document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; Her keel was laid down on 23 June 1942 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro.She was launched on 6 February 1943 and commissioned on 3 June 1944. uscg storis 230’ icebreaker uscg surf rescue boat – 30’ uscg surface effect ship – 110’ uscg training bark-eagle – 295’ uscg tribe class – 255’ uscg unalga uscg valiant uscg venturous uscg victory uscg vigilant uscg whec 378’ cutter uscg wind class ice breaker – 269’ uscg wind class icebreakers … With a relatively short length in proportion to the great power developed, their bow had the characteristic sloping forefoot that enabled her to ride up on heavy ice and break it with the weight of the vessel. Decommissioned on 13 March 1952 and turned over to the Boston Naval Shipyard for custody on that day, Westwind was transferred to the United States Coast Guard on 19 March. [1][2][3][6][7], State of the art when designed, their hull was of unprecedented strength and structural integrity. Adams, Michael R. "Coast Guard Breaks Ice with New 140-Foot Tugs." USCG Mackinaw (WAGB 83) Icebreaker Mackinaw is a unique ship when we take a look at the other icebreakers in US fleet. Their hull was very strong with a top speed of 16.8 knots and they were capable of moving up to 13 feet of ice. After years of back and forth, the U.S. government has finally issued a contract to VT Halter Marine for the U.S. Coast Guard's first new heavy icebreaker … She was again transferred to the Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) and re-commissioned CCGS Labrador, serving from 1962 to 1987. After these two ships conquered the McClure Strait, they met with the Canadian icebreaker Labrador going east to west. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { In at least one instance it was noted that catastrophic failure would have occurred had it not been for the local nature of the load and the lack of a significant tensile field beyond the immediate damaged area. Brigham, Lawson W. "One-Forty Class Coast Guard Icebreaker-Tugs." During 1965 and 1966, all U.S. Navy icebreakers were transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard. Icebreakers in the North. The . Twelve 40 mm/60 AA guns (3 quadruple turrets). Eventually, the Coast Guard operated seven Wind-class icebreakers. She was placed out of commission on 1 February 1966 and, by a previous agreement with the Coast Guard, was recommissioned in that service as USCGC Staten Island (W-AGB-278). Burton Island was the sixth of seven Wind-class heavy icebreakers built by the Navy in the 1940s. Two. Normalizing of the plate material in the laboratory] resulted in a marked improvement in notch- toughness properties. [1][2][3][6][7], Went to  Soviet Navy in 1944 where she was known as the Severni Veter (North wind) and since 1946 as the Kapitan Belusov as part of the Lend-Lease program; returned to  United States Navy in 1951 as the Northwind, renamed Staten Island in 1952, then transferred to  United States Coast Guard in 1966. She supplied bases, reported ice packs and floes; took part in oceanographic, hydrographic, geological, coast and geodetic, and hydrophone surveys and Arctic convoy exercises. It was accompanied by the U.S. Navy icebreaker, Burton Island. The Coast Guard contracted for five vessels of the class in November 1941 to fulfill the need to access military bases in Greenland that would be inaccessible during most of the year without the use of heavy icebreakers. The outer hull plating was constructed with 1-5/8 inch thick high tensile steel and they had a double bottom above the waterline with the two "skins" being approximately 15 inches apart, insulated with cork. } Status: Decommissioned: 31 May 1974, sold for scrap 1976. 6 (1976), p. 315. Their stern was similarly shaped to facilitate breaking ice while backing down. On 16 October 1944, Southwind assisted her sister ship Eastwind (WAG-279) in the capture of the weather observation trawler Externsteine, which had landed the Edelweiss II weather team on North Little Koldewey Island in late September. Status: Decommissioned 9 May 1978, sold 1980,and scrapped 1982. The Coast Guard is recapitalizing its polar icebreaker fleet to ensure continued access to both polar regions and support the country's economic, commercial, maritime and national security needs. Gibbs & Cox of New York provided the designs with input from the Coast Guard's Naval Engineering Division. They were considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the world when first built, they were also heavily armed. Albert Norris, USN (Ret. In late 1946, the Navy desperately needed the services of the not-yet-commissioned icebreaker Burton Island for the First Antarctic Developments Project. The List of United States Coast Guard Cutters is a listing of all cutters to have been commissioned by the United States Coast Guard during the history of that service. The final design was heavily influenced by studies conducted by then LCDR Edward H. Thiele, USCG (later RADM, and Engineer in Chief of the U.S. Coast Guard) of foreign icebreakers, namely the Swedish Ymer, built in 1931,[4][5] and the Soviet Krasin. USMilitaryArt.com is an online art gallery offering prints and profile drawings depicting theequipment, personnel, and scenarios of the United States military, including the US Air Force, US Army, US Marine Corps, US Navy, and US Coast Guard It is sorted by length down to 65', the minimum length of a USCG cutter. The Wind - class icebreakers were a line of diesel electric - powered icebreakers in service with the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard Royal The Canadian Coast Guard CCG maintains a fleet of sea and lake going vessels, hovercraft, and aircraft. [1], Initially, the ships of the Wind-class carried the designation of either WAG for Coast Guard, Auxiliary, General, or, (the U.S. Navy) AGB for Auxiliary, General, Breaker. ________. The U.S. Coast Guard’s polar icebreaking fleet will remain based in Seattle after delivery of its new class of heavy icebreakers. A 24 inch replica model of the USCGC Westwind (WAGB-281) a United States Coast Guard Wind-class icebreaker Find this Pin and more on US Coast Guard Vesselsby SD Model Makers. I commend Atlantic Area historian, William Thiesen for his bringing USCG’s history back to life. Labrador possessed all the general characteristics of her American-built sister ships, but was much improved with state-of-the-art gear at the time (1951). Construction of Burton Island was completed two weeks ahead of schedule, and on 1 October 1946, prior to commissioning, plans for her participating in the expedition were formulated and supplies ordered to allow her to get underway for Antarctica as quickly as possible. The first Northwind was transferred to the USSR under Lend-Lease and became the Staten Island upon her return to the United States. It may be assumed that bad the plating been normalized (as now required by specifications), the extent of the casualty would have been of a less serious nature. [1], For Canada's Wind-class icebreaker, the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) assigned Pendant Number AW 50 to the Canadian-built HMCS Labrador. Burton Island was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 1 January 1967. In 1966 the Navy turned all of its icebreakers over to the Coast Guard, and with them, the ice-breaking mission. Naval InstituteProceedings 89 (Feb 1963), pp. She was re-classified AGB-2, 28 January 1949. Mariners Weather Log20, No. The plate material from the WIND Class icebreakers is unnormalized Navy High-Tensile Steel (HTS) conforming to the HTS specification in effect in 1943. #ga-ad {display: none;} Westwind (AGB-6) was struck from the Navy list on 8 September 1952. ); and commissioned on 28 December 1946, Cmdr. CANADA AVIATION MUSEUM AIRCRAFT. CAPT Don Taub, USCG, Retired Ballast could also be shifted rapidly between fore and aft tanks to change the trim of the ship. That is the USCGC Polar Star, first launched in the 1970s. She was launched on 31 March 1943 and commissioned on 18 September 1944. From 1949 through 1960, Edisto continued her indispensable support to exploration in both Arctic and Antarctic. 113-115. The ship resumed the name Southwind on 18 January 1967. The largest expedition to the Antarctic continent to date, also known as Operation Highjump, sought to explore and chart the largely unknown area and determine the feasibility of military stations and operations in the frigid polar region. Ultimately, she was decommissioned from Coast Guard service on 31 May 1974, and she was sold for scrap to the Union Mineral & Alloy Corp. of New York on 10 March 1976 for $231,079.00. The Coast Guard operated Burton Island with the designation WAGB-283 until 9 May 1978, when she was decommissioned. The combination of poor notch-toughness, low operating temperatures and impact is considered responsible for brittle behaviour of the plating during failure. The vessel was repaired at Yokosuka and, on 28 April 1950, was renamed Atka (AGB-3). 18-04-2019 14:30:23 ZULU. They were very effective ships: all except Eastwind served at least thirty years, and Northwind served in the USCG continuously for forty-four years. Staten Island (AGB-5) was built by the Western Pipe and Steel Co., San Pedro, Calif., and delivered to Russia under the Lend-Lease program on 24 February 1944 and served that country as Severny Veter (Northwind). After meeting the Northwind and the Burton Island, the Labrador continued her journey down the west, through the Panama Canal and became the first ship to circumnavigate North America. 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[ 18 ] the services of the plate material in 1940s... Launched in the world when first built, they were also heavily.... Twin five-inch gun mounts Fontaine Maury concluded that a Northwest Passage must exist and that it must using! Public domain material from websites or documents of the plating during failure has included normalized plate since was! To Levin Metals Corp. on 7 October 1980 and was scrapped as of 28 April 1982 Guard,,. The USCGC Polar Star which underwent an extensive three-year reactivation in 2013 this it continues suffer! Fracture�, �indicative of brittle cleavage type failures�, or �highly notch�sensitive� gibbs & Cox of New York the... With a top speed of 16.8 knots and they were considered warships and were equipped twin. Labrador was not fitted with any weapons systems mechanical decay and requires expensive repairs on an basis. Ship Northwind March 1943 and commissioned on 18 September 1944 mm/60 AA guns 3! 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