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The 1688 Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery was the first protest against enslavement of Africans made by a religious body in the Thirteen Colonies. The increasing demand for imported labor in the American colonies turned the slave trade into a large-scale and highly lucrative business. The main port of Pennsylvania from its founding, the city became the most important port in the mainland British North American colonies. The Middle Colonies flourished economically due to fertile soil, broad navigable rivers, and abundant forests. The people of Delaware wanted independence from the strong influence of Pennsylvania's large population of Quakers. Because of it's agriculture, the middle colonies, and more specifically Pennsylvania, were called the Breadbasket of the colonies. Wampum and beaver skins were commonly used as money in the northern colonies in the early stages of settlement when the fur trade and Indian trade were still mainstays of the local economy (Nettels, 1928, 1934; Fernow, 1893; Massey, 1976; Brock, 1975, pp. William Penn decided to deal with the Native Americans so they could keep trading, this set up a type of protection for the Indians, this also gave the natives equal laws. Penn's Woods. The Pennsylvania Colony By Zoey D. The geography of the pennsylvania colony Mountains, coastal plain and plateau areas to Lake Erie lowlands. What did the Pennsylvania colony trade? II, p. 353. 200. A joint stock company was a project in which peopl… From Africa, slaves were shipped to the Americas. There are a number of things that Pennsylvania colony traded. Some of them included iron products, agricultural produce, textiles, fur, shipbuilding and so much more. 10 Fiske, "Dutch and Quaker Colonies," Vol. It is believed that at … The triangle trade was the term used to signify three major ports of call arranged in such a way that they form a triangle. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Delaware Colony later separated from Pennsylvania. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, coal, textiles, furs and shipbuilding What did the West Indies give the colonies in return for slaves? The Pennsylvania Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Pennsylvania Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Pennsylvania Colony. Colonial America: Pennsylvania was established in 1682 by William Penn and became a haven for persecuted members of the Society of Friends. Although the Pennsylvania colony was founded for the purpose of being a haven for the Quakers, Quakers did not make up the majority of the colony's population. The economy of Philadelphia was heavily based on maritime trade and industrial production. Escape From European Persecution . Religion Similarly to the Rhode Island colony in New England, the Pennsylvania colony practiced religious tolerance. James, the Duke of York, gave Delaware to William Penn in 1682, who said that he needed the land to secure his own colony of Pennsylvania. These new colonies were funded in three different ways. Only a small fraction of the enslaved Africans brought to the New World ended up in British North America, with the vast majority of slaves sent to the Caribbean sugar colonies. New England { plentiful forests, abundant shing, with an economy dominated by shipbuilding, shipping services, including arranging trade, nance, and insurance, shing and whaling. Little recognition has been accorded the fact that some Quaker merchants did participate in the Negro These early treaties cemented Pennsylvania’s reputation as a peaceable colony where love and friendship prevailed between Indians and colonists, as famously portrayed later by the paintings of Benjamin West (1738-1820) and Edward Hicks (1780-1849). Top earner was the carry trade (the importing and exporting of goods) and insurance. The original 13 colonies were divided into the New England, Middle and Southern regions. In the other colonies there had been much hardship and many had died from sickness or famine, but here all went well from the start. The islands of Great Britain changed greatly in the Renaissance, resulting in the Church of England, the British Civil War, and total transformation of economic, political, and legal systems. The rudimentary state of our knowledge of the colonial slave trade, as distinct from the institution of slavery, becomes apparent when one examines the role of the Philadelphia Quaker merchants in the Pennsylvania Negro trade. What did the word "Pennsylvania" mean? The general geography of Francis Daniel Pastorius authored the petition; he and three other Quakers living in Germantown, Pennsylvania (now part of Philadelphia), signed it on behalf of the Germantown Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends. The land he received was rich with natural resources including two river valleys, extensive forests and a large portion of the Appalachian Mountains. Colonial economies and trade Colonial Regions. He received the land grant as payment for a personal debt owed by the king to his father. Pennsylvania, even if it looks like it's not connected, touches the Atlantic Ocean by the Delaware River and Delaware Bay. Region Economy, Industries and Trade in the Colonies Middle Colonies Corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. 9-18). Small Planet Communications, Inc. + 15 Union Street, Lawrence, MA 01840 + (978) 794-2201 + Contact From the Americas, sugar, tobacco, and cotton were shipped to England. SLAVERY in PENNSYLVANIA. At first, the two colonies were joined and shared the same legislative assembly. For nearly 20 years in the 17th century, Sweden had a little-known colony that spanned parts of Delaware, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Although the original colonies were given a general set of governmental guidelines from the British government, Pennsylvania set its own standards. - In the late 1660s, William Penn took Quakers from England to Pennsylvania. The Quakers, or Society of Friends, was a religious body that dominated Philadelphia, and the people of Delaware feared the rapid economic growth of the Pennsylvania colony. Delaware was founded as a colony in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company. What did the Pennsylvania colony trade Tobacco,Flour,Rice,corn,pine boards,wheat,staves and headings,and horses. ... Why didn't the colonists trade for slaves past the west coast of Africa? In one plan, corporate colonieswere established by joint stock companies. Even earlier historic trade with fur made by Swedes in Pennsylvania caught Kalm’s attention (in Wallenius’ Extracts from Kalm’s Diary). Trade in the Pennsylvania Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn, wheat and livestock including beef and pork.Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, coal, bricks, apples, beer and wine, textiles, rope, furs and shipbuilding. The economy in the colonies, which varied regionally, was mostly centered around agriculture and exporting materials back to England. - Penn believed in equality, cooperation, and religious tolerance. The Pennsylvania colony was officially established by a newly converted aristocratic Quaker, William Penn. In Colonial Times: From England, textiles, rum and manufactured goods were shipped to Africa. Sugar and molasses. In the early 1600s, the Delaware Valley was an outlying region of the New Netherland colony on the Hudson, governed by the Dutch West India Company and populated by Dutch and Swedes more interested in fur trapping than farming. There are a number of things that Pennsylvania colony traded. 9 Delaware had been granted a separate government as early as 1691, but the following year Governor Fletcher, of New York, reunited it to Pennsylvania. Colonial Trade trade between the imperialist states and the colonial and dependent countries; one of the forms of exploitation of the latter. Pennsylvania Colony Facts: Religious Freedom and Growth. What colony was a defense buffer against Spanish Florida? The southern colonies had large plantations that grew tobacco or cotton and required slave labor, while northern colonies had small family farms. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). When the Dutch and Swedes established colonies in the Delaware Valley of what is now Pennsylvania, in North America, they quickly imported African slaves for workers; the Dutch also transported them south from their colony of New Netherland. Because of this, Philadelphia became a prominent trade center. A significant commercial center then, Philadelphia was also home to a large amount of industrial production for the time period […] Some, like Pennsylvania's currency, were quite stable and helped stimulate internal trade. It faced the same labor shortage that plagued New Netherland, and it found the same solution. 200. Pennsylvania Colony was not the first colony to offer religious freedom (Rhode Island Colony was the first) but it certainly played a role in their growth.William Penn allowed for religious freedom, … Native Americans split control of the region before the arrival of Europeans. See Walton and Brumbaugh's "Stories of Pennsylvania," p. 39. Pennsylvania people imported clothing, furniture, tools, silver, books, some types of food, leather goods, sugar, molasses, weapons and slaves. Colonial Pennsylvania A Happy Colony — The people who came to William Penn's province had reason to be happy. Here, every male adult received 50 acres of land, freedom, separation from England, and the right to vote. This gave them a lot of extra resources to go and trade … Government Structure in Colonial Pennsylvania. Powered by Create your own … Colonies responded to the drain of hard currency from the colonies to England by creating paper money used within each colony. Georgia. 200. Trade in the Colonies. Start studying Social Studies, 3-3, The Middle Colonies 8th grade. Why did Squanto help the colonists? It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Slavery was documented in this area as early as 1639. “Pennsylvania” actually means “Penn’s Woods,” referring to the holder of the founding colonial charter, William Penn. But even the best colonial currency couldn't be used to trade with another colony. Yet through this time, despite pressure from other nations and America's own Natives, a diverse set of English colonies were planted and thrived. Trade for slaves past the West Indies give the colonies Middle colonies Corn and wheat and livestock beef! To William Penn ; one of the region before the arrival of Europeans newly aristocratic! The right to vote, terms, and more with flashcards,,. 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