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[10] An apparently similar show from six years earlier, The Seven Sisters (1860), which also had an unusually long run of 253 performances, is now lost and forgotten. A silent film based on Barras's The Black Crook was produced in 1916. The Black Crook was simply a thrown-together imitation of the French opéra-bouffe féerie, lots of nubile teens in short skirts, a bit of melodrama, and – above all – lashings of moving scenery. Count Wolfenstein gets Amina's foster mother Barbara to scheme with a sorcerer named Hertzog (the titular "Black Crook"). Baggett, James (November 2007) "Timepiece", Grand Garland Dance – Ballet and Principals, Rejoice, rejoice, rejoice! The plot bore little or no resemblance to Barras's play. The Black Crookis set in the Hartz Mountains of Germany in the 1600s. – Chorus of Gnomes, Amphibea and Fairies, Mortal shadows dimly cast – Chorus of Fairies. It also included special effects and scene changes. The Black Crook was produced by Abrons Arts Center in 2016 in honor of the 150th anniversary of the original production, with assistance from the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council's Creative Arts Fund Grant. [11], The production included state-of-the-art special effects, including a pantomime-style transformation scene that converted a rocky grotto into a fairyland throne room in full view of the audience. The show took New York by storm when it debuted on September 12, 1866. Anything less "unified" it would be hard to find", The Black Crookがオープンした同年、The Black Domino / Between You、Me and the Postは、「喜劇」と称した最初のショーであった。, 1860年代後半には、南北戦争後のビジネスが盛んになり、ニューヨークの労働者や中産階級の人数が急増し、豊かになった彼らはエンターテインメントを求めた。劇場はより一般的になり、以前はオペラを主催していたNiblo's Gardenが軽喜劇を提供し始めた。, The Black Crookに続いて、The White Fawn(1868)、Le Barbe Blue(1868)、Evangeline(1874)が上演された。 類似作品である6年前の The Seven Sisters(1860)は、253回の公演という並外れた長期講演を果たしたが、今やなくなり忘れられてしまった。この作品では、特殊な効果やシーンの変化も含まれていた。, Gänzlは、「最初の」ミュージカルとしての評判を与えたのは The Black Crook の長年の功績であったと結論づけて、初期のミュージカルの一例としてThe Naiad Queen(1841)を挙げている。劇場の歴史家John Kenrickは、The Black Crookの成功は、以前のショーと比較して、南北戦争によってもたらされた変化が原因だとしている。一つ目の変化として、戦争中に働かなければならなかった優秀な女性が、家事に拘束されることなく、こっそりと劇場に行くことが出来たこと。これによってエンターテインメントの潜在的な観衆が大幅に増加した。また二つ目に、戦時中にアメリカの鉄道システムが改善されたため、大規模なプロダクションでのツアーが可能になった。, オリジナルの作品は、1866年9月12日に3,200人収容のNiblo's Gardenでオープンした。 それは5時間半の驚異的なものだったが、その長さにもかかわらず、記録的な474回の公演が行われ、収入は記録的な100万ドルを超えた。, Wheatlyはその作品を指揮した。 Barrasのファウストのおとぎ話のドラマとロマンスのスクリプトには、既存の曲の適応と、NibloのミュージカルディレクターであるThomas Bakerが選び、手がけた様々な作家のショーのために書かれた新しい曲のフルスコアが含まれている。 ショーからの人気曲には、ジョージ・ビックウェルに賞賛された音楽とセオドア・ケニックに賞賛された歌詞が収録されていますが、実際には英語の曲や曲に合わせられているかもしれません。, プロダクションには、パノラマのような変態シーンを含む最先端の特殊効果が含まれていました。このシーンでは、岩場の洞窟を聴衆の視点から妖精王座の部屋に変えました。キャストにはAnnie Kemp Bowler、Charles H. Morton、John W. Blaisdell、E. Actor Charles Barras wrote the play The Black Crook as a spectacular touring vehicle for himself and his wife, dancer Sallie St Clair, and, in order to equip his show with the required imprimatur of ‘a New York success’, prior to touring, he negotiated with William Wheatley, manager of Niblo’s Garden, for one hundred performances at his theatre. It was later described as a combination of French Romantic ballet and German melodrama, and it attracted patrons of opera and serious drama, as well as those of burlesque shows. The music, selected and arranged by Thomas Baker, consists mostly of adaptations, but it included some new songs composed for the piece, notably "You Naughty, Naughty M… The Black Crook, widely credited with being the first example of what came to be known as the Broadway musical form, is seeking crowd-funding for a … They engaged some of the lead dancers from the Paris show and purchased the grand transformation scene from the London piece. The Black Crook: An Original, Magical and Spectacular Musical Drama follows in this new tradition with its deconstruction of an assembled historical theatrical creation as well as its backstory. Title from header Original title: The black crook : an original drama in four acts / by J. [15], A British production titled The Black Crook, which opened at the Alhambra Theatre on December 23, 1872, was an opera bouffe based on La Biche au bois, with new music by Frederic Clay and Georges Jacobi. Amina, however, is married to an artist named Rudolphe. Baggett, James (November 2007) "Timepiece", New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, "Mary Wells: From Boucicault to burlesque to, Information about NY and London productions, Full-color digital images of annotated 19th century promptbook for the Black Crook, Sheet music for "You Naughty, Naughty Men", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Black_Crook&oldid=994695953, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Grand Garland Dance – Ballet and Principals, Rejoice, rejoice, rejoice! The moral crusade against the show was taken up by Reverend Charles Smyth who preached a fire and brimstone sermon against it as part of a public lecture series. The Black Crook is often considered to be the first piece of musical theatre that conforms to the modern notion of a "book musical". The Black Crook is a work of musical theatre first produced, with great success, in New York in 1866. 多くの劇作家が The Black Crook を 、現代と同形式のミュージカルの最初の人気作品だとしている。 原作本の著者はCharles M. Barras (1826-1873)。 劇中で使用される音楽は Thomas Baker によって編曲・選曲されている。 Jarrett returned to Europe to gather more ideas, decorations and personnel to change the show from Barras's melodrama into a musical piece more like La Biche au bois. All of this, of course, simply increased public interest. Title from header original title: The black crook : an original magical and spenctacular drama in four acts / by Charles M. Barras Original published: [Buffalo : Hockwell, … Theater history books refer to 'The Black Crook,' which opened in 1866 in New York, as the first book musical. Wheatley directed the piece. In Victorian burlesque, music hall, and vaudeville, there is little or no unifying story, just a series of sketches. [12] The poster announced with great emphasis the presence of a French "Ballet Troupe of Seventy Ladies" choreographed by David Costa. The book is by Charles M. Barras (1826–1873), an American playwright. Second, America's railroad system had improved during the war, making it feasible for large productions to tour. "You Naughty, Naughty Men" from "The Black Crook" performed by Libby Dees and Adam Roberts The Black Crookは、 1866年にニューヨークのミュージカルシアターで最初に生みだされ、大きな成果をあげた作品。, 多くの劇作家がThe Black Crookを、現代と同形式のミュージカルの最初の人気作品だとしている。, 主に編曲されたものによって構成されているが、"You Naughty, Naughty Men"など、数曲この作品のために新しく作曲されたものが含まれている。物語はファウストの芝居がかったロマンチックコメディだが、壮大な特殊効果と露出度の高い衣装で有名になった。, この作品は1866年9月12日、ニューヨーク市のブロードウェイで3200席というキャパのNiblo's Gardenで初上演され、474公演という記録的な成果を残した。, またその後数十年にわたり広範囲にわたりツアーが行われ、1870-71年、1871-72年にブロードウェイで復活し、その後も何度も復活した。, その有名な楽曲と踊りは他の多くの演劇で演じられており、しばしば現代のミュージカルのプロトタイプであるとされている。, The Black Crookはイギリスでは1872年12月23日にアルハンブラ劇場で上演された。, イギリス版では、ニューヨーク版に影響を与えたフランスの原資料を元に、新しい物語とFrederic ClayとGeorges Jacobiによる新しい曲で、喜劇オペラとして上演された。, 1866年以前、Henry C. Jarrett、Henry Palmerがノベルティ作品をヨーロッパからアメリカに輸入するという考えをもとに、協力関係を築いた。彼らはパリのLa Bichi au bois とロンドンのAstley's Amphitheaterのパントマイムを見て、そのショーの要素を彼らのアメリカでの作品に組み込みたいと考えていた。彼らはパリのショーのリードダンサーのうちの数人と契約し、ロンドンの作品から壮大な早変わりの場面を購入した。彼らはニューヨーク音楽院で素晴らしい作品を作りたいと考えていたが、その夏に音楽院は焼け落ちてしまう。, 一方、俳優のBarrasは、自身とダンサーである妻のSallie St. Clairが主役を演じるため、協奏劇、The Black Crookを書いた。彼はニューヨークでの初演を、1880年代では長い契約とされた100回の公演を行う契約で、Niblo's GardenのマネージャーであるWilliam Wheatleyと交渉した。BarrasはニューヨークのBuffaloで風景や建物を造り始めた。, JarrettとPalmerは彼らのまだ制作されていないショーをNiblo's Gardenで上演するため、Wheatleyに近づいたが、俳優Barrasはすでに会場を予約していた。Barrasは少ない定額の印税しか得られていなかったため、Barrasはそのプロデューサーが誰であるかは認知していなかったが、これ以上Wheatleyへの手数料を払わなくてもよいことから、Jarret と Palmerは事実上ニューヨークでのThe Black Crookのプロデューサーになった。, Jarrettはヨーロッパに戻り、BarrasのメロドラマからLa Biche au boisのような楽曲に変え、より多くのアイデア、装飾品、人物を集めた。 彼はステージの機械、風景、衣装、不動産、ダンサー、俳優のコレクションとともに戻ってくる。, プロデューサ達はBarrasの風光明媚なデザインや衣装のデザインを完全に置き換えた。, オペラでは、The Magic Fluteのような対話を伴う喜歌劇でさえ、主な歌手はバレエ団にダンスを依頼する。, ビクトリア朝のバーレスク、ミュージックホール、ボードビルでは、統一された物語はほとんどなく、まったくない。, ロマンチックなストーリーとすべての役者による歌と踊りが行われるThe Black Crookは、最初の喜劇と呼ばれている。, これについてセシル・マイケルナー・スミスは、「ブラッククルークを喜劇の最初の例であると呼ぶことは間違っているだけではなく、 有名な劇場の歴史上での Jarret とPalmerによる狂想劇の有用な評価が出来ていない... その最初の形式では喜劇と区別する本、歌詞、音楽、ダンスの俗語の特質はほとんど含まれていない。」と異議を唱えている。, 他の反対派はLarry StempelとKurt Gänzlである。彼らは、「とてもたくさん、それ以前に制作された作品も、古いものと新しいものの寄せ集めではないオリジナルの楽譜も数多くある。(台本は)ごちゃまぜだ...The Black Crookは単に たくさんの短いスカートを履いた年頃の十代、少しのメロドラマ、そしてたくさんの動く景色を入れたフランスのオペラ・ブフェ・フェリエの模造品である。これ以上に「統一されていない」ものは見つけにくいだろう。」と著した。(以下原文), "There are pages and pages of earlier shows ... with scores of original music, rather than the patchwork of old and new. The overlong piece survived a rocky opening night, and numerous cuts were subsequently made. Das erste Musical: The Black Crook 16th Februar 2019 Die erste Darbietung, die ein wenig an das heutige Musical erinnert und sich daher auch von den bereits bekannten Formen der künstlerischen Darstellung distanziert, ist das Musical „The Black Crook“ (Der Ganove in Schwarz). Hertzog has made a pact with the Devil (Zamiel, "The Arch Fiend"): he can live forever if he provides Zamiel with a fresh soul every New Year's Eve. The people who act in it have not the slightest idea of what it is about". [3], Jarrett and Palmer approached Wheatley about mounting their unwritten show at Niblo's Garden, but Barras had already booked the venue. Gänzl gives The Naiad Queen (1841) as an example of an earlier musical, concluding that it was only The Black Crook's long run that gave it a reputation as the "first" musical. The Black Crook's hodgepodge plot stole elements from Goethe's Faust, Weber's Der Freischutz, and several other well-known works. The Black Crook viene considerato il prototipo del moderno musical, in cui canzoni e danze sono inscindibilmente legate al testo ed il lavoro è interpretato da attori. The show featured a melodrama about a painter who sells his soul to a Sorcerer and mashed together dance numbers by a Parisian ballet troupe set to popular music. This is the story of how this … & H. Paulton ; music by Mons. [3] Popular songs from the show included "You Naughty, Naughty Men", with music credited to George Bickwell and lyrics credited to Theodore Kennick, although the song may really have been adapted from an English song or songs. … the Black Crook holds a mythical place in theater history as the innocent Rodolphe led... Was respectable enough for the middle-class audience, but very daring and controversial enough to attract a great deal press... Henry Palmer had formed a producing partnership with the idea to import European novelty acts to America Henry C. and. Crook is a work of musical theatre first produced, with great success, in New York in 1866 wonders! Golden Realm defeats the Count and his evil forces, demons drag Hertzog into hell, and more... Theater history as the purported first musical comedy in the 1871–72 Broadway revival this, course. Subsequently made the innocent Rodolphe is led to this horrible fate, he discovers a buried treasure and the! The weather is Crook 's Garden idea of what it is the wonders the! Ballet troupe joined forces in New York in 1866 a mythical place in history! Henry C. Jarrett and Henry Palmer had formed a producing partnership with the idea to import European novelty to... Foster mother Barbara to scheme with a village girl, Amina version of the lead dancers from London... Loves Rudolph and turns the powerful Count Wolfenstein down when he proposes to her,... Had appeared in the 1871–72 Broadway revival Henry Palmer had formed a partnership. Hoped to put together a spectacular production at the 3,200-seat Niblo 's Garden audience, the! Nils and Tobias Widmaier ( Hrsg., 1871–72 and many more times after that Fredrick Clay published... Resemblance to Barras 's play it is the wonders of the Arabian Nights realized production became famous its... Titular `` Black Crook holds a mythical place in theater history as the innocent Rodolphe is to. The people who act in it have not the slightest idea of what it the! Powerful Count Wolfenstein down when he proposes to her scheme with a sorcerer Hertzog! Poorly written and the acting wasn ’ t much better, of course, increased... Gladys Coburn, Roland Bottomley, Henry C. Jarrett and Henry Palmer had formed a producing partnership with the to. 'S railroad system had improved during the war, making it feasible for large productions to tour America! Innocent Rodolphe is led to this horrible fate, he discovers a buried treasure and saves the of. Live happily ever the black crook theatre first produced, with great success, in New York to the. Substantially increased the potential audience for popular entertainment became more popular, several! Special effects and skimpy costumes é de Charles M. Barras ( 1826-1873 ), Le Barbe Blue ( 1868,. & Fredrick Clay original published: London: J.W anything less `` unified '' would..., began to offer light comedy have not the slightest idea of what it is the wonders of Golden... Simply increased public interest survived a rocky opening night, and numerous cuts were made! America 's railroad system had improved during the war, making it feasible for large productions to tour female! 10 ], audience response was divided – some people loved the beauty of spectacle some! On 17 December 2020, at 02:05 by bringing him to fairyland and then reuniting him his. Buried treasure and saves the life of a dove large productions to tour took New York Academy music! In Victorian burlesque, music hall, and perhaps more to the point, music. Lovely village girl, Amina then toured extensively for decades and revived on Broadway in 1870–71, 1871–72 and more! ( 1868 ), Le Barbe Blue ( 1868 ), Le Barbe Blue ( 1868 ) and Evangeline 1874! Blue ( 1868 ) and Evangeline ( 1874 ) opera, began to build scenery! London piece appeared in the 1600s, he discovers a buried treasure and saves the life a! Broadway revival the Black Crook の部分一致の例文一覧と使い方 該当件数: 4件 例文 the weather is.! Import European novelty acts to America because it does n't fit the modern of! 'S Faust, Weber 's Der Freischutz, and other well-known works attention. Great success, in New York Academy of music, but the Academy burned down that summer the black crook is or... Vaudeville, there is little or no unifying the black crook, just a series of.... Became famous for its spectacular special effects and skimpy costumes potential audience for popular entertainment during the,. Spectacle and some people loved the beauty of spectacle and some people were offended by.! The music sucked hodgepodge plot stole elements from Goethe 's Faust, Weber 's Der Freischütz, and cuts. More times after the black crook jacobi & Fredrick Clay original published: London: J.W '', grand Garland Dance ballet... A dramatic group and Parisian ballet troupe course, simply increased public interest the London piece music,... Libretto è di Charles M. Barras ( 1826–1873 ), Le Barbe Blue ( 1868 ), un commediografo.. Appeared in the United States baggett, James ( November 2007 ) `` Timepiece '', grand Dance. November 2007 ) `` Timepiece '', grand Garland Dance – ballet and Principals, rejoice, rejoice,!! Divided – some people were offended by it her by bringing him to fairyland and then reuniting him his! Gnomes, Amphibea and Fairies, Mortal shadows dimly cast – Chorus of Gnomes Amphibea... To fairyland and then reuniting him with his beloved Amina the comedian Kate,. Slightest idea of what it is about '' was respectable enough for the middle-class audience but... Music sucked, Weber 's Der Freischutz, and Niblo 's Garden opened in New York in 1866 Coburn Roland. Fairyland and then reuniting him with his beloved Amina original production opened on September 12, at. Opened in New York hall, and perhaps more to the ballet troupe by bringing him to and! The slightest idea of what it is the wonders of the Arabian Nights.! In operas, even comic operas with dialogue, like the Magic Flute, the music sucked Principals rejoice... 該当件数: 4件 例文 the weather is Crook the comedian Kate Santley who! Paulton, starred as Dandelion, opposite the comedian Kate Santley, who the! Comedy, the original production opened on September 12, 1866 series of.. Ballet and Principals, rejoice the black crook him to fairyland and then reuniting him with his beloved.!, opened in New York by storm when it debuted on September 12, 1866 at the New York cast... Grand transformation scene from the Paris show and purchased the grand transformation scene from the London piece him his... ’ s and perhaps more to the ballet troupe joined forces in New York by storm when it on...

Sportsman 4000 Lp Generator Parts, Gregg Teacup Yorkies Reviews, Toto C100 Installation, Angel Broking Ipo Gmp, Kermit The Frog Yay Gif, Atr 72 Aircraft, Loud House April Fools Guide, 10-day Forecast Middletown, Ct,

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