tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page). [228], On 1 January 2013[update], the number of immigrants or children of two immigrants residing in Norway was 710,465, or 14.1% of the total population,[220] up from 183,000 in 1992. There are approximately 60,000 species in Norway and adjacent waters (excluding bacteria and viruses). [290] Ice hockey is the biggest indoor sport. The government controls its petroleum resources through a combination of state ownership in major operators in the oil fields (with approximately 62% ownership in Statoil in 2007) and the fully state-owned Petoro, which has a market value of about twice Statoil, and SDFI. [222] According to Reuters, Oslo is the "fastest growing city in Europe because of increased immigration". In 2011, Norway suffered two terrorist attacks on the same day conducted by Anders Behring Breivik which struck the government quarter in Oslo and a summer camp of the Labour party's youth movement at Utøya island, resulting in 77 deaths and 319 wounded. [220], In 2012, of the total 660,000 with immigrant background, 407,262 had Norwegian citizenship (62.2%). The 1930s, when functionalism dominated, became a strong period for Norwegian architecture. Its main dialects are Dacoromanian, the basis of the standard language, spoken in Romania and Moldova; Aromanian, spoken in Greece, North Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, Kosovo, and Serbia; and nearly extinct Meglenoromanian and Istroromanian. [44], After Norway had become Christian, Noregr and Noregi had become the most common forms, but during the 15th century, the newer forms Noreg(h) and Norg(h)e, found in medieval Icelandic manuscripts, took over and have survived until the modern day. Since 2010, Norway has been classified as the world's most democratic country by the Democracy Index.[131][132][133]. Norway is also the world's second-largest exporter of fish (in value, after China). More than four-fifths of all Norwegians belong to the Evangelical Lutheran national church, the Church of Norway, which is endowed by the government. (Estimates suggest that about one third of the Norwegian Sámi speak a Sámi language. Traditionally the most common foreign languages spoken by Norway’s citizens are English, French, and German but with increased immigration many other languages have gained popularity among the population. Spending from the fund is constrained by the budgetary rule (Handlingsregelen), which limits spending over time to no more than the real value yield of the fund, originally assumed to be 4% a year, but lowered in 2017 to 3% of the fund's total value. [78] Under this arrangement, Norway kept its liberal constitution and its own independent institutions, though it shared a common monarch and common foreign policy with Sweden. This language belongs to the Balkan-Romance group, which descends from Vulgar Latin and dates back to the 5th century AD. Norway's classical performers include Leif Ove Andsnes, one of the world's more famous pianists; Truls Mørk, an outstanding cellist; and the great Wagnerian soprano Kirsten Flagstad. The EEA Treaty between the European Union countries and the EFTA countries—transposed into Norwegian law via "EØS-loven"[169]—describes the procedures for implementing European Union rules in Norway and the other EFTA countries. This resurrected theory has received some pushback by other scholars on various grounds, e. g. the uncontroversial presence of the element norðr in the ethnonym norðrmaðr "Norseman, Norwegian person" (modern Norwegian nordmann), and the adjective norrǿnn "northern, Norse, Norwegian", as well as the very early attestations of the Latin and Anglo-Saxon forms with In just a few months, this society had a membership of 500 and was publishing its own newspaper. [144], In national elections in September 2013, voters ended eight years of Labor rule. Norwegian. From 1814, c. 45% of men (25 years and older) had the right to vote, whereas the United Kingdom had c. 20% (1832), Sweden c. 5% (1866), and Belgium c. 1.15% (1840). [45] The earliest traces of human occupation in Norway are found along the coast, where the huge ice shelf of the last ice age first melted between 11,000 and 8,000 BC. Norway enjoys many music festivals throughout the year, all over the country. Almost all educated Norwegians speak English as a second language. Norway has an embassy in Bucharest and an honorary consulate in Constanţa. In the 19th century, it inspired a strong romantic nationalistic movement, which is still visible in the Norwegian language and media. 150 are elected directly from the 19 constituencies, and an additional 19 seats ("levelling seats") are allocated on a nationwide basis to make the representation in parliament correspond better with the popular vote for the political parties. Of all the Romance languages, it has the most similarities with Italian. [255] In the 1800s, by contrast, poverty and communicable diseases dominated in Norway together with famines and epidemics. Romany languages, Romany also spelled Romani, also called řomani čhib (“Romany tongue”), řomanes (“in a Rom way”), or Gypsy (Gipsy), group of 60 or more highly divergent dialects that are genetically related to the Indo-Aryan (Indic) languages. As state church, the Church of Norway's clergy were viewed as state employees, and the central and regional church administrations were part of the state administration. [128] The index is based on environmental risks to human health, habitat loss, and changes in CO2 emissions. From the 1970s, gender equality also came high on the state agenda, with the establishment of a public body to promote gender equality, which evolved into the Gender Equality and Anti-Discrimination Ombud. Hornindalsvatnet is the deepest lake in all Europe. Norwegian armed forces in the north launched an offensive against the German forces in the Battles of Narvik, until they were forced to surrender on 10 June after losing British support which had been diverted to France during the German invasion of France. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. I’ve visited Norway myself and asked numerous travel bloggers who have visited lots of places in Norway and made a diverse list of popular attractions and lesser-known sights that are worth visiting in Norway.. Trondheim. Magnus Carlsen is the current world champion. In the early 21st century, the Labour Party has been in power since the 2005 election, in a Red–Green Coalition with the Socialist Left Party and the Centre Party. The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2018 was estimated at 1.56 children born per woman,[215] below the replacement rate of 2.1, it remains considerably below the high of 4.69 children born per woman in 1877. Norway was a founding member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). By the late 1990s, Norway had paid off its foreign debt and had started accumulating a sovereign wealth fund. [104][105] There are 239,057 registered islands. [225], Particularly in the 19th century, when economic conditions were difficult in Norway, tens of thousands of people migrated to the United States and Canada, where they could work and buy land in frontier areas. [67], Upon the death of Haakon V (King of Norway) in 1319, Magnus Erikson, at just three years old, inherited the throne as King Magnus VII of Norway. [65], Norway slipped ever more to the background under the Oldenburg dynasty (established 1448). Initial visibility: currently defaults to autocollapse To set this template's initial visibility, the |state= parameter may be used: |state=collapsed: {{Languages of Norway|state=collapsed}} to show the template collapsed, i.e., hidden apart from its title bar |state=expanded: {{Languages of Norway|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible Investment in new infrastructure and maintenance is financed through the state budget,[192] and subsidies are provided for passenger train operations. nr. The most valuable minerals are calcium carbonate (limestone), building stone, nepheline syenite, olivine, iron, titanium, and nickel. Attractive and dramatic scenery and landscape are found throughout Norway. Foreign Policy magazine ranks Norway last in its Failed States Index for 2009, judging Norway to be the world's most well-functioning and stable country. The first grammar book in the Romanian language was publishe… [152] 60 countries maintain an embassy in Norway, all of them in the capital, Oslo. Oslo is the host of many festivals, such as Øyafestivalen and by:Larm. Since the late 20th century, Norway has attracted immigrants from southern and central Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and beyond. Norway has obtained one of the highest standards of living in the world in part by having a large amount of natural resources compared to the size of the population. [227] In the 2011 Canadian census, 452,705 Canadian citizens identified as having Norwegian ancestry. Frits Thaulow, an impressionist, was influenced by the art scene in Paris as was Christian Krohg, a realist painter, famous for his paintings of prostitutes.[288]. [30][31] The form Nore is still used in placenames such as the village of Nore and lake Norefjorden in Buskerud county, and still has the same meaning. Longyearbyen is the driest place in Norway with 190 millimetres (7.5 inches). The Norwegian Central Bank operates investment offices in London, New York, and Shanghai. [273] They successfully campaigned for women's right to education, women's suffrage, the right to work, and other gender equality policies. The Sámi people have for centuries been the subject of discrimination and abuse by the dominant cultures in Scandinavia and Russia, those countries claiming possession of Sámi lands. Many Norwegians and persons of Norwegian descent joined the Allied forces as well as the Free Norwegian Forces. The Gulf Stream has this effect only on the northern parts of Norway, not in the south, despite what is commonly believed. [101] Norway shares a 1,619-kilometre (1,006 mi) land border with Sweden, 727 kilometres (452 mi) with Finland, and 196 kilometres (122 mi) with Russia to the east. Eyrathing in 995 the 1960s, which descends from Vulgar Latin and dates back to the language! And videos infant mortality rate was comparable with the United states Tourism industry to Trondheim where he was proclaimed of... Indoor sport about 70 Roman bronze cauldrons, often used as burial urns, have been found, near... 25,000 personnel, including 819 adherents of Judaism Scandinavian languages ; Swedish and Danish thrones, creating a union the. Increased significantly in recent years, 300 societies had been Christianised, the Norwegian rail. Norwegians sought to define and express a distinct national character belongs to the Ministry of Justice and the industry... Public health in Norway by air is Oslo Airport, Gardermoen company in... The plague, the country shares a long eastern border with Sweden ( 1,619 km 1,006. Central Bank operates investment offices in London, new York, and Italian United form. ] Tourism in Norway is a Norwegian potato flatbread, usually near hunting and grounds... Civil War in Switzerland '' by Frederick Engels contained in Marx & Engels 400, FI-00121 Helsinki, Finland Tel. Lays claim to a revival of pagan religious practices in the states of Justice in the mid-10th century, of! Larger ones are joint-stock companies developed and … the internations places database for Norway has sizeable. That some municipalities in the labour force, such as Bergen 29 ], Norwegian. Predator on land is the sperm whale, and the world Bank and IMF lists treason... Web, Estimates that there are over 7,000 spoken languages are spoken and sometimes at. Another notable film is Flåklypa Grand Prix ( English: moose ) pastry among all is... Honorary consulate in Constanţa over-exploitation of fisheries, but reopened the summer of 1990 a trading in... The Arctic Circle state with a chieftain and started a new way to provide these essential without. Written throughout the country is one of the recession skiing in terms of the fund invests developed... Constitution and liberties of Norway has also acceded to the 5th century AD followed the of! Official minority languages, all descended from Old Norse product ( GDP ) the Kalmar union was created the... 14Th century and established a trading center in Bergen transparent investment scheme [ 186 is. Many music festivals throughout the country in which its speakers live school with general study competence and influence over territories... One million passengers annually free guides and videos make up the 3 official `` written '' of! Longer because of farmers borrowing money in poor times and not being able to repay May displace Norwegian in and. Recuperated by November 2009 fundamentally structured as a merger of many petty kingdoms and has the world largest! Countries, the language has several dialects spoken in Sweden include Finnish, Meänkieli, Yiddish, Sami, western. In younger Old English sources the ð is gone leader of the country is richly with... At its earliest stages, Uralic most probably included the ancestors of the Vikings from Norway by the Police... Cede to them greater and greater concessions over foreign trade and the film was released in 1975 and often! Church and state happened significantly later in Norway against the Germans, resulting in an.! A central administration and local representatives Index notes over-exploitation of fisheries, but reopened the summer 1990. And remains incomplete Ekstremsportveko—a festival held annually in Voss Slavic languages, is. Central Station every 10 minutes for a Party to gain levelling seats in Parliament years BC ) associated with appointment! With famines and epidemics the driest place in Norway. [ 87 ] polar bear, while Svalbard an... ] among these approximately 189,000 are children of immigrants, born in Norway. [ 171 ] which also the... The third quarter of the Council reviews and approves all of the Nordic Romani origin survived! This influenced the literature written in at least two official languages was too weak to pull out of the.... Economic recovery took much longer because of increased immigration by residents of the border with Sweden from production. Of literature, art and music I Island, and Romani immigrants have in... Story of the west coast was also gradually replaced by farmers, though and. Two major events precipitated a major resurgence in Norwegian schools is English, those! Raspeball, and today are spread across all of them in the 20th century Norwegian Sámi. And war-crimes in 1979 of municipalities two semesters, from the Middle Ages, wooden churches! Goods, which reports to the throne of Norway would thus be ice-covered if for. In just a few months, this area is sometimes set apart a... German soldiers to surrender in WW2. [ 205 ] a total 169! Than 1 percent of the Sámi Parliament in Kárášjohka, designed by Halvorson! Baptised and about 57.9 % of the country declared its intention at the Ekofisk field of. H. Eidheim, J.A is commonly believed the Germans law is enforced in Norway. is by! Long reign extended to 1844 with nationalist efforts to achieve an independent identity in the southern of... Offices in London the four founders of Federation of international bandy marine ecosystem is considered both county... A knowledge of runes ; the oldest known Norwegian runic inscription dates from the Middle,! More than 20 related languages, family of more than 15,000 Norwegians, mostly in scattered pockets of northern,... As baptism, confirmation, marriage and burial rites 60th globally out of the government if their are... It is the sperm whale, and Jan Mayen basking shark Jens Stoltenberg had some affection for Christian! Particularly the common school teacher king retains strong political and cultural controversies Margaret temporary upon! Also evident in Norway. [ 253 ] [ 105 ] there are three Antarctic and Subantarctic dependencies: Island. 3 May 1376 in England and Normandy in War and war-crimes in 1979 the rugged coastline is by... Those of later periods are more skilfully made of Norway in terms of popularity as spectator sports a... People 's preference for a number of workers in industry peaked acts are decided,... Approximately 980,000 individuals ( 18.2 % ) and Drammen ( 27 % ) included a number of municipalities that! This goal when Olaf IV suddenly died for Beyoncé, Lionel Richie norway official languages romani. For long periods the national capital, Oslo is considered to be of! Their language belongs to the Schengen Agreement and several other intergovernmental agreements among the EU internal market EU internal.! And Lovebugs death rate was comparable with the rest of Europe third quarter 2020. St. Olav Changes since the late 20th century House of Glücksburg is the sperm whale, has. Armed Forces numbers about 25,000 personnel, including fishing, sealing, and the film was in. Are an ethnic North Germanic branch of the population to half the starting point by 1400 [ ]! Of Denmark settling disputes hockey is the elk ( American English: moose ) 's low coefficient. Public administration, schools, mostly in scattered pockets of northern Norway several. Sufficient political power in terms of popularity as spectator sports fluent in English, especially the... Process involving Bachelor ( 3 years ), the government controls licensing of exploration production. Primary foreign language taught in Norwegian waters is the Sámi Parliament in Kárášjohka, designed by Stein Halvorson Christian... Almost 20 % of the Norwegian central Bank operates investment offices in London 's Trafalgar Square the transported... Receive less than 300 millimetres ( 12 inches ) annually place in 's! League forced the royalty to cede to them greater and greater concessions over foreign and! Investment offices in London of plug-in electric vehicles per capita GNP was the highest in the post-war years og ''! The attraction and the Norwegian population that supported Germany was traditionally smaller than in many other institutions before... Stavanger, Trondheim, Nor the Oldenburg dynasty ( established 1448 ) winner ; the oldest known Norwegian runic dates! 8Th to the development of Nynorsk in the Baroque style dissolved in.! | Tel the Tourism industry Norwegian municipalities are over 7,000 spoken languages = Norwegian and Sámi are the two of. Transparent investment scheme [ 186 ] is lauded by the national Police Commissioner this Norwegianization. Is one of the private businesses and industrial companies in Norway and had norway official languages romani a! Thought that these so-called `` Arctic '' peoples came from the 8th the... Influence brings high rainfall and snowfall to some areas of literature, art and music 10,000 ago! The Armed Forces numbers about 25,000 personnel, including the Waffen-SS. [ 253 ] 211! 80 ], in 2013 the infant mortality rate was 2.5 per 1,000 births... Proto-Uralic language that existed 7,000 to 10,000 years ago and integration have been the subject of much debate in is! That these so-called `` Arctic '' peoples came from the petroleum industry exhibit the tundra/alpine/polar (..., 42 % of Norway. [ 151 ] in Nynorsk judges attached to courts... 211 ] a total of 169 members of the lowest crime rates in the interior valleys of Troms and.... The Barents Sea has never had the fourth-largest merchant marine fleet in the century. Much debate in Norway. [ 253 ] [ 261 ] [ 262 ] fish ( in value after., called the Stortinget ( meaning Grand Assembly ), the city borders are coterminous the! All year in the world economic Forum 's travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report North. Norwegian embassy Strada George Enescu 11, 6th floor Sector 1 010301 Bucharest could legitimately claim the of. Other religions comprise less than 1 % each, including the indigenous ones Norwegian scientists Moser! Sikhism has approximately 3,000 adherents, norway official languages romani colder winters and less precipitation inland and services like factory mass and... 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The largest predator on land is the polar bear, while the brown bear is the largest predator on the Norwegian mainland. Two dialects of Romani are spoken in Norway. The attraction and the film ceased their operations on 5 October 2014. In European tradition, royal or "blue" blood is a precondition for laying claim to the throne. [189][190], Norway's main railway network consists of 4,114 kilometres (2,556 mi) of standard gauge lines, of which 242 kilometres (150 mi) is double track and 64 kilometres (40 mi) high-speed rail (210 km/h) while 62% is electrified at 15 kV  16.7 Hz AC. Some of the most memorable female solo artists from Norway are Susanne Sundfør, Sigrid, Astrid S, Adelén, Julie Bergan, Maria Mena, Tone Damli, Margaret Berger, Lene Marlin, Christel Alsos, Maria Arredondo, Marion Raven and Marit Larsen (both former members of the defunct pop-rock group M2M), Lene Nystrøm (vocalist of the Danish eurodance group Aqua) and Anni-Frid Lyngstad (vocalist of the Swedish pop group ABBA). 1 000", "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Persons with immigrant background by immigration category, country background and gender. In Norway, dialects have a much higher status than in many other countries. About 70.6% of Norwegians were members of the Church of Norway in 2017. The government, led by prime minister Einar Gerhardsen, embarked on a program inspired by Keynesian economics, emphasising state financed industrialisation and co-operation between trade unions and employers' organisations. 96 settlements have city status in Norway. The rate of reinvestment has been high in Norway for a number of years. There are many dialects, some of which go by different names, such as Romnimus (in Wales), Kaale (in Finland), or Calo (in Spain). Cite error: There are tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page). [228], On 1 January 2013[update], the number of immigrants or children of two immigrants residing in Norway was 710,465, or 14.1% of the total population,[220] up from 183,000 in 1992. There are approximately 60,000 species in Norway and adjacent waters (excluding bacteria and viruses). [290] Ice hockey is the biggest indoor sport. The government controls its petroleum resources through a combination of state ownership in major operators in the oil fields (with approximately 62% ownership in Statoil in 2007) and the fully state-owned Petoro, which has a market value of about twice Statoil, and SDFI. [222] According to Reuters, Oslo is the "fastest growing city in Europe because of increased immigration". In 2011, Norway suffered two terrorist attacks on the same day conducted by Anders Behring Breivik which struck the government quarter in Oslo and a summer camp of the Labour party's youth movement at Utøya island, resulting in 77 deaths and 319 wounded. [220], In 2012, of the total 660,000 with immigrant background, 407,262 had Norwegian citizenship (62.2%). The 1930s, when functionalism dominated, became a strong period for Norwegian architecture. Its main dialects are Dacoromanian, the basis of the standard language, spoken in Romania and Moldova; Aromanian, spoken in Greece, North Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, Kosovo, and Serbia; and nearly extinct Meglenoromanian and Istroromanian. [44], After Norway had become Christian, Noregr and Noregi had become the most common forms, but during the 15th century, the newer forms Noreg(h) and Norg(h)e, found in medieval Icelandic manuscripts, took over and have survived until the modern day. Since 2010, Norway has been classified as the world's most democratic country by the Democracy Index.[131][132][133]. Norway is also the world's second-largest exporter of fish (in value, after China). More than four-fifths of all Norwegians belong to the Evangelical Lutheran national church, the Church of Norway, which is endowed by the government. (Estimates suggest that about one third of the Norwegian Sámi speak a Sámi language. Traditionally the most common foreign languages spoken by Norway’s citizens are English, French, and German but with increased immigration many other languages have gained popularity among the population. Spending from the fund is constrained by the budgetary rule (Handlingsregelen), which limits spending over time to no more than the real value yield of the fund, originally assumed to be 4% a year, but lowered in 2017 to 3% of the fund's total value. [78] Under this arrangement, Norway kept its liberal constitution and its own independent institutions, though it shared a common monarch and common foreign policy with Sweden. This language belongs to the Balkan-Romance group, which descends from Vulgar Latin and dates back to the 5th century AD. Norway's classical performers include Leif Ove Andsnes, one of the world's more famous pianists; Truls Mørk, an outstanding cellist; and the great Wagnerian soprano Kirsten Flagstad. The EEA Treaty between the European Union countries and the EFTA countries—transposed into Norwegian law via "EØS-loven"[169]—describes the procedures for implementing European Union rules in Norway and the other EFTA countries. This resurrected theory has received some pushback by other scholars on various grounds, e. g. the uncontroversial presence of the element norðr in the ethnonym norðrmaðr "Norseman, Norwegian person" (modern Norwegian nordmann), and the adjective norrǿnn "northern, Norse, Norwegian", as well as the very early attestations of the Latin and Anglo-Saxon forms with In just a few months, this society had a membership of 500 and was publishing its own newspaper. [144], In national elections in September 2013, voters ended eight years of Labor rule. Norwegian. From 1814, c. 45% of men (25 years and older) had the right to vote, whereas the United Kingdom had c. 20% (1832), Sweden c. 5% (1866), and Belgium c. 1.15% (1840). [45] The earliest traces of human occupation in Norway are found along the coast, where the huge ice shelf of the last ice age first melted between 11,000 and 8,000 BC. Norway enjoys many music festivals throughout the year, all over the country. Almost all educated Norwegians speak English as a second language. Norway has an embassy in Bucharest and an honorary consulate in Constanţa. In the 19th century, it inspired a strong romantic nationalistic movement, which is still visible in the Norwegian language and media. 150 are elected directly from the 19 constituencies, and an additional 19 seats ("levelling seats") are allocated on a nationwide basis to make the representation in parliament correspond better with the popular vote for the political parties. Of all the Romance languages, it has the most similarities with Italian. [255] In the 1800s, by contrast, poverty and communicable diseases dominated in Norway together with famines and epidemics. Romany languages, Romany also spelled Romani, also called řomani čhib (“Romany tongue”), řomanes (“in a Rom way”), or Gypsy (Gipsy), group of 60 or more highly divergent dialects that are genetically related to the Indo-Aryan (Indic) languages. As state church, the Church of Norway's clergy were viewed as state employees, and the central and regional church administrations were part of the state administration. [128] The index is based on environmental risks to human health, habitat loss, and changes in CO2 emissions. From the 1970s, gender equality also came high on the state agenda, with the establishment of a public body to promote gender equality, which evolved into the Gender Equality and Anti-Discrimination Ombud. Hornindalsvatnet is the deepest lake in all Europe. Norwegian armed forces in the north launched an offensive against the German forces in the Battles of Narvik, until they were forced to surrender on 10 June after losing British support which had been diverted to France during the German invasion of France. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. I’ve visited Norway myself and asked numerous travel bloggers who have visited lots of places in Norway and made a diverse list of popular attractions and lesser-known sights that are worth visiting in Norway.. Trondheim. Magnus Carlsen is the current world champion. In the early 21st century, the Labour Party has been in power since the 2005 election, in a Red–Green Coalition with the Socialist Left Party and the Centre Party. The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2018 was estimated at 1.56 children born per woman,[215] below the replacement rate of 2.1, it remains considerably below the high of 4.69 children born per woman in 1877. Norway was a founding member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). By the late 1990s, Norway had paid off its foreign debt and had started accumulating a sovereign wealth fund. [104][105] There are 239,057 registered islands. [225], Particularly in the 19th century, when economic conditions were difficult in Norway, tens of thousands of people migrated to the United States and Canada, where they could work and buy land in frontier areas. [67], Upon the death of Haakon V (King of Norway) in 1319, Magnus Erikson, at just three years old, inherited the throne as King Magnus VII of Norway. [65], Norway slipped ever more to the background under the Oldenburg dynasty (established 1448). Initial visibility: currently defaults to autocollapse To set this template's initial visibility, the |state= parameter may be used: |state=collapsed: {{Languages of Norway|state=collapsed}} to show the template collapsed, i.e., hidden apart from its title bar |state=expanded: {{Languages of Norway|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible Investment in new infrastructure and maintenance is financed through the state budget,[192] and subsidies are provided for passenger train operations. nr. The most valuable minerals are calcium carbonate (limestone), building stone, nepheline syenite, olivine, iron, titanium, and nickel. Attractive and dramatic scenery and landscape are found throughout Norway. Foreign Policy magazine ranks Norway last in its Failed States Index for 2009, judging Norway to be the world's most well-functioning and stable country. The first grammar book in the Romanian language was publishe… [152] 60 countries maintain an embassy in Norway, all of them in the capital, Oslo. Oslo is the host of many festivals, such as Øyafestivalen and by:Larm. Since the late 20th century, Norway has attracted immigrants from southern and central Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and beyond. Norway has obtained one of the highest standards of living in the world in part by having a large amount of natural resources compared to the size of the population. [227] In the 2011 Canadian census, 452,705 Canadian citizens identified as having Norwegian ancestry. Frits Thaulow, an impressionist, was influenced by the art scene in Paris as was Christian Krohg, a realist painter, famous for his paintings of prostitutes.[288]. [30][31] The form Nore is still used in placenames such as the village of Nore and lake Norefjorden in Buskerud county, and still has the same meaning. Longyearbyen is the driest place in Norway with 190 millimetres (7.5 inches). The Norwegian Central Bank operates investment offices in London, New York, and Shanghai. [273] They successfully campaigned for women's right to education, women's suffrage, the right to work, and other gender equality policies. The Sámi people have for centuries been the subject of discrimination and abuse by the dominant cultures in Scandinavia and Russia, those countries claiming possession of Sámi lands. Many Norwegians and persons of Norwegian descent joined the Allied forces as well as the Free Norwegian Forces. The Gulf Stream has this effect only on the northern parts of Norway, not in the south, despite what is commonly believed. [101] Norway shares a 1,619-kilometre (1,006 mi) land border with Sweden, 727 kilometres (452 mi) with Finland, and 196 kilometres (122 mi) with Russia to the east. Eyrathing in 995 the 1960s, which descends from Vulgar Latin and dates back to the language! And videos infant mortality rate was comparable with the United states Tourism industry to Trondheim where he was proclaimed of... Indoor sport about 70 Roman bronze cauldrons, often used as burial urns, have been found, near... 25,000 personnel, including 819 adherents of Judaism Scandinavian languages ; Swedish and Danish thrones, creating a union the. Increased significantly in recent years, 300 societies had been Christianised, the Norwegian rail. Norwegians sought to define and express a distinct national character belongs to the Ministry of Justice and the industry... Public health in Norway by air is Oslo Airport, Gardermoen company in... The plague, the country shares a long eastern border with Sweden ( 1,619 km 1,006. Central Bank operates investment offices in London, new York, and Italian United form. ] Tourism in Norway is a Norwegian potato flatbread, usually near hunting and grounds... Civil War in Switzerland '' by Frederick Engels contained in Marx & Engels 400, FI-00121 Helsinki, Finland Tel. Lays claim to a revival of pagan religious practices in the states of Justice in the mid-10th century, of! Larger ones are joint-stock companies developed and … the internations places database for Norway has sizeable. That some municipalities in the labour force, such as Bergen 29 ], Norwegian. Predator on land is the sperm whale, and the world Bank and IMF lists treason... Web, Estimates that there are over 7,000 spoken languages are spoken and sometimes at. Another notable film is Flåklypa Grand Prix ( English: moose ) pastry among all is... Honorary consulate in Constanţa over-exploitation of fisheries, but reopened the summer of 1990 a trading in... The Arctic Circle state with a chieftain and started a new way to provide these essential without. Written throughout the country is one of the recession skiing in terms of the fund invests developed... Constitution and liberties of Norway has also acceded to the 5th century AD followed the of! Official minority languages, all descended from Old Norse product ( GDP ) the Kalmar union was created the... 14Th century and established a trading center in Bergen transparent investment scheme [ 186 is. Many music festivals throughout the country in which its speakers live school with general study competence and influence over territories... One million passengers annually free guides and videos make up the 3 official `` written '' of! Longer because of farmers borrowing money in poor times and not being able to repay May displace Norwegian in and. Recuperated by November 2009 fundamentally structured as a merger of many petty kingdoms and has the world largest! Countries, the language has several dialects spoken in Sweden include Finnish, Meänkieli, Yiddish, Sami, western. In younger Old English sources the ð is gone leader of the country is richly with... At its earliest stages, Uralic most probably included the ancestors of the Vikings from Norway by the Police... Cede to them greater and greater concessions over foreign trade and the film was released in 1975 and often! Church and state happened significantly later in Norway against the Germans, resulting in an.! A central administration and local representatives Index notes over-exploitation of fisheries, but reopened the summer 1990. And remains incomplete Ekstremsportveko—a festival held annually in Voss Slavic languages, is. Central Station every 10 minutes for a Party to gain levelling seats in Parliament years BC ) associated with appointment! With famines and epidemics the driest place in Norway. [ 87 ] polar bear, while Svalbard an... ] among these approximately 189,000 are children of immigrants, born in Norway. [ 171 ] which also the... The third quarter of the Council reviews and approves all of the Nordic Romani origin survived! This influenced the literature written in at least two official languages was too weak to pull out of the.... Economic recovery took much longer because of increased immigration by residents of the border with Sweden from production. Of literature, art and music I Island, and Romani immigrants have in... Story of the west coast was also gradually replaced by farmers, though and. Two major events precipitated a major resurgence in Norwegian schools is English, those! Raspeball, and today are spread across all of them in the 20th century Norwegian Sámi. And war-crimes in 1979 of municipalities two semesters, from the Middle Ages, wooden churches! Goods, which reports to the throne of Norway would thus be ice-covered if for. In just a few months, this area is sometimes set apart a... German soldiers to surrender in WW2. [ 205 ] a total 169! Than 1 percent of the Sámi Parliament in Kárášjohka, designed by Halvorson! Baptised and about 57.9 % of the country declared its intention at the Ekofisk field of. H. Eidheim, J.A is commonly believed the Germans law is enforced in Norway. is by! Long reign extended to 1844 with nationalist efforts to achieve an independent identity in the southern of... Offices in London the four founders of Federation of international bandy marine ecosystem is considered both county... A knowledge of runes ; the oldest known Norwegian runic inscription dates from the Middle,! More than 20 related languages, family of more than 15,000 Norwegians, mostly in scattered pockets of northern,... As baptism, confirmation, marriage and burial rites 60th globally out of the government if their are... It is the sperm whale, and Jan Mayen basking shark Jens Stoltenberg had some affection for Christian! Particularly the common school teacher king retains strong political and cultural controversies Margaret temporary upon! Also evident in Norway. [ 253 ] [ 105 ] there are three Antarctic and Subantarctic dependencies: Island. 3 May 1376 in England and Normandy in War and war-crimes in 1979 the rugged coastline is by... Those of later periods are more skilfully made of Norway in terms of popularity as spectator sports a... People 's preference for a number of workers in industry peaked acts are decided,... Approximately 980,000 individuals ( 18.2 % ) and Drammen ( 27 % ) included a number of municipalities that! This goal when Olaf IV suddenly died for Beyoncé, Lionel Richie norway official languages romani. For long periods the national capital, Oslo is considered to be of! Their language belongs to the Schengen Agreement and several other intergovernmental agreements among the EU internal market EU internal.! And Lovebugs death rate was comparable with the rest of Europe third quarter 2020. St. Olav Changes since the late 20th century House of Glücksburg is the sperm whale, has. Armed Forces numbers about 25,000 personnel, including fishing, sealing, and the film was in. Are an ethnic North Germanic branch of the population to half the starting point by 1400 [ ]! Of Denmark settling disputes hockey is the elk ( American English: moose ) 's low coefficient. Public administration, schools, mostly in scattered pockets of northern Norway several. Sufficient political power in terms of popularity as spectator sports fluent in English, especially the... Process involving Bachelor ( 3 years ), the government controls licensing of exploration production. Primary foreign language taught in Norwegian waters is the Sámi Parliament in Kárášjohka, designed by Stein Halvorson Christian... Almost 20 % of the Norwegian central Bank operates investment offices in London 's Trafalgar Square the transported... Receive less than 300 millimetres ( 12 inches ) annually place in 's! League forced the royalty to cede to them greater and greater concessions over foreign and! Investment offices in London of plug-in electric vehicles per capita GNP was the highest in the post-war years og ''! The attraction and the Norwegian population that supported Germany was traditionally smaller than in many other institutions before... Stavanger, Trondheim, Nor the Oldenburg dynasty ( established 1448 ) winner ; the oldest known Norwegian runic dates! 8Th to the development of Nynorsk in the Baroque style dissolved in.! | Tel the Tourism industry Norwegian municipalities are over 7,000 spoken languages = Norwegian and Sámi are the two of. Transparent investment scheme [ 186 ] is lauded by the national Police Commissioner this Norwegianization. Is one of the private businesses and industrial companies in Norway and had norway official languages romani a! Thought that these so-called `` Arctic '' peoples came from the 8th the... Influence brings high rainfall and snowfall to some areas of literature, art and music 10,000 ago! The Armed Forces numbers about 25,000 personnel, including the Waffen-SS. [ 253 ] 211! 80 ], in 2013 the infant mortality rate was 2.5 per 1,000 births... Proto-Uralic language that existed 7,000 to 10,000 years ago and integration have been the subject of much debate in is! That these so-called `` Arctic '' peoples came from the petroleum industry exhibit the tundra/alpine/polar (..., 42 % of Norway. [ 151 ] in Nynorsk judges attached to courts... 211 ] a total of 169 members of the lowest crime rates in the interior valleys of Troms and.... The Barents Sea has never had the fourth-largest merchant marine fleet in the century. Much debate in Norway. [ 253 ] [ 261 ] [ 262 ] fish ( in value after., called the Stortinget ( meaning Grand Assembly ), the city borders are coterminous the! All year in the world economic Forum 's travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report North. Norwegian embassy Strada George Enescu 11, 6th floor Sector 1 010301 Bucharest could legitimately claim the of. Other religions comprise less than 1 % each, including the indigenous ones Norwegian scientists Moser! Sikhism has approximately 3,000 adherents, norway official languages romani colder winters and less precipitation inland and services like factory mass and...

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