. . (December 21, 2020). . He was famous for his preaching in … By 1744 Whitefield’s meteoric rise to fame was ending. Died: September 30, 1770, in Newburyport, Massachusetts, United States. ." Encyclopedia of Religion. Lambert, Frank. All rights reserved. ." WHITEFIELD, GEORGE. In September he embarked on another tour of New England and then sailed to Scotland, where he sparked further revivals. Associated with John and Charles Wesley in an effort to revive a sedate and passionless Anglicanism, Whitefield followed with keen interest the missionary labors of the Wesley brothers in the newly founded colony of Georgia in North America. George Whitefield, a pre-eminent evangelist and founder of the Calvinistic branch of the Methodists, was a native of Gloucester, England, in the Bell Inn of which town (his father being a tavern-keeper) he was born, Dec. 16, 1714. During one stretch of time, Whitefield spoke to crowds that averaged 8,000 people daily for almost a month. World Encyclopedia. When listening to Whitefield preaching from the Philadelphia court house, Franklin walked away towards his shop in Market Street until he could no longer hear Whitefield distinctly—Whitefield could be heard o… Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/whitefield-george, JOHN CANNON "Whitefield, George Whitefield also damaged his relationship with the Wesleys by publishing an attack in 1741 upon the Arminianism evident in John Wesley's sermon "Free Grace.". He lies buried beneath the pulpit in the town's Presbyterian church. He later said he could see “white gutters made by their tears” as they rolled down their blackened faces. The Grand Itinerant. His message was simple: “Repent and you will be saved.” He neither understood theology nor considered it to be important in his mission of driving people to seek salvation. New Catholic Encyclopedia. The evangelical preacher George Whitefield (1714-1770), along with John and Charles Wesley, is largely responsible for leading the spiritual Great Awakening in America and Evangelical Revival in … By showing people in widely distant places that they shared an interest in the revival of religion, he contributed to eroding the insularity and provincialism that had hitherto isolated colonial Americans. In England Whitefield was closely associated with Howell Harris, and in 1743 he was chosen to be moderator for life of the Calvinistic Welsh Methodists. (December 21, 2020). Encyclopedia.com. Before entering Oxford, Whitefield had heard about the Wesleys and had been intrigued by their ideas. Met on the road by a committee of ministers and conducted into the town, he found all meetinghouses except King's Chapel open to him. ." He preached the same sermons wherever he traveled, polishing them after each performance according to the reactions of his audiences. He shouted, stomped, sang, and always wept. For the rest of his life he financially supported Bethesda, contributing large amounts of his own money. The Wesleys had since departed for England after having problems with Georgia officials. During his two-year sojourn in England, Whitefield's success as a preacher increased beyond all expectation. Rather, modern critics meditate upon his impact on the mid-18th century. Extremist Imitators. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/whitefield-george-1. Matthew 8:22, "Let the dead bury their dead." In 1765 he became chaplain to Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, whose followers shared his theological views. St. Paul preaching at Athens, tells them, that as he passed by and beheld their devotions, he perceived they were in all things too superstitious. As a young man, Whitefield considered becoming a preacher and spent hours studying his Bible, often reading late into the night. Benjamin Franklin wrote this famous account of one of George Whitefield's sermons: In 1739 arrived among us from England the Reverend Mr Whitefield who had made himself remarkable there as an itinerant [traveling] preacher. . Encyclopedia.com. . And although he eventually moderated his censorious tone (and even more important, stopped publishing his journals), damage was done to the evangelical cause on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. His popularity declined as the number of new souls to be saved diminished, and as some established clergy came to view his revivals as overwrought displays of emotion and enthusiasm. George Whitefield, 2 v. (New York 1877). Whitefield went to America in 1739. However, because of his emphasis on Methodism, Whitefield was not allowed to preach in Anglican churches. Wherever he appeared, crowds seemed to materialize out of nowhere. Lambert, Frank. ." Welcomed by ministers and officials of colonies and towns, he found shops closed and business suspended during his stays, thousands of people at his heels, and many following him to the next town. Whitefield spent the winter in Georgia, but he composed press releases to insure that he was not forgotten in the other colonies. When he arrived in Philadelphia in 1739, his reputation had preceded him, and the inhabitants rushed to meet this “boy preacher” who had attained such fame before he was twenty-five years old. He preached his last sermon in Boston on 29 September 1770, died at its conclusion, and was buried there. ." After an absence of less than one year, Whitefield returned to England late in 1738 to receive his ordination as priest, to strengthen his ties with the trustees of the Georgia colony, and to learn that England's hierarchy looked askance at his cavalier attitude toward canon law and the liturgical form of the national church. Gaustad, Edwin "Whitefield, George In 1741 Whitefield traveled back to England to preach. . People regarded his cross-eyed stare as a sign of a supernatural presence that enabled him to keep one eye on heaven and the other on hell. ." "George Whitefield." Even the newspapers turned against him, matching his press releases with unfavorable comments by his opponents. Middleton, Richard. George Whitefield (1714-1770) was a notable evangelist of the Great Awakening in 1700s America who turned the Christian evangelical revival into an inter-colonial or “national” movement. . In contemporary accounts, he, not John Wesley, is spoken of as the supreme figure and even as the founder of Methodism. Encyclopedia.com. Which religious movement is George Whitefield MOST closely associated? While Whitefield was in Boston he also met Jonathan Edwards (see entry), the famous Puritan preacher. Reprinted in: Middleton, Richard. Whitefield's Boston visit lasted 10 days. In 1741 Whitefield married Elizabeth Burnell James, a thirty-seven-year-old widow whom he met in Wales. His first religious raptures also belong to these early years. [U.S.]), Church of England evangelist who by his popular preaching stimulated the 18th-century Protestant revival throughout Britain and the British American colonies. The Great Awakening in America can ultimately be traced to this one man. ." The next morning at six o'clock, he died. George Whitefield was an Anglican minister who scorned theology for whatever message would spark the conversion of people of all religious persuasions in England, Scotland, Ireland, and America. During this time he had phenomenal success. Departing from Anglican doctrine, he presented Methodist views of Christianity to his congregation with great emotion and enthusiasm. After preaching on Saturday, September 29, to an impromptu crowd gathered in the fields of Exeter, New Hampshire, he urged his horse on to Newburyport, Massachusetts. Known For: Anglican clergyman famous for his spellbinding, revival-style preaching to most of the 18 th -century English-speaking world during “The Great Awakening.”. The multitudes of all sects and denominations that attended his sermons were enormous, and it was a matter of speculation to me, who was one of the number, to observe the extraordinary influence of his oratory on his hearers, and how much they admired and respected him, not withstanding his common abuse of them, by assuring they were naturally "half beasts and half devils." The movement embodied a wide range of…, Winthrop, John Whitefield was a Calvinist Anglican minister in the Church of England who studied at Oxford University with Methodism founders John and Charles Wesley. ." He was appointed minister of Savannah, in the newly founded colony of Georgia, and in 1739 established an orphanage called Bethesda some ten miles from the city. were most deeply affected by his preaching. During this time one of Whitefield's brothers took over the family business. . Colonial America Reference Library. Worldly Business No Plea for the Neglect of Religion 5 Whitefield's Sermons George Whitefield. JOHN BOWKER "Whitefield, George . He was a magnet, and to his last sermon, preached the day before his death, he could cast a spell over his hearers, even though by now they knew his power was of the moment only. Whitefield, for his part, repeatedly and needlessly alienated those who stopped short of uncritical adulation and applause. Whitefield died while on a preaching tour in America in a parsonage belonging to the Old South Presbyterian Church in Newburypot, Massachusetts in September, 1770. □. . George Whitefield has been called the father of mass evangelism in the Christian religion and the most widely recognized figure in America before George Washington. They also advocated evangelical preaching (zealously encouraging believers and nonbelievers to make a personal commitment to Christianity). 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