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In all had a very comfortable stay at the hotel. Photos provided by ChristianAnswers Associate, BiblePlaces T his was a city of Phrygia, on the Lycus River, which is a tributary of the Maeander River. Paul wrote two letters to Colossae, namely Colossians and Philemon. Colossae. Where is the colossal Church of St. Michael in Colossae? Its inhabitants are called Colossians. We learn from the ancient sources that St. Michael church existed in Chonae city. This column fragment northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River may mark its location. [20], The Apostolic Constitutions list Philemon as a Bishop of Colossae. Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. COLOSSAE. Tradition also gives Philemon as the second bishop of the see. Michael Trainor explores Colossae in his article “Colossae—Colossal in Name Only?” published in the March/April 2019 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. "I wish that you were cold or hot" (Revelation 3:15–16) "I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot. One tradition places the church northeast of Colossae near the Lycus River, and another locates it southeast of the tell in modern Honaz. It stood at the head of a gorge where the two streams unite, and on the great highway traversing the country from Ephesus to the Euphrates valley, 13 miles from Hierapolis and 10 from Laodicea. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. The population of Colossae was probably quite diverse -- especially in light of the nearby highway. Now about one mile north of the … [16] This unorthodox cult venerated the archangel Michael who is said to have caused a curative spring to gush from a fissure in the Earth. Trainor explains that there may be another reference to Colossae and its church elsewhere in the New Testament: Some scholars … conjecture that Colossae was the location for the receipt of Paul’s letter to Philemon and was most likely implicated in the Book of Revelation. to 1100 C.E. It is located near the sites of … Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. [2][3] At Colossae, Herodotus describes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and this river also flows into the Maiander. Today, the remains of one column marks the location where locals believe a church once stood, possibly that of St. Despite its significance, its location has been lost to us. Required fields are marked *. Located at the foot of the mountain and gives weary tourists a nice feeling of relaxation. But there are no ruins today. Its writer, the seer John, addresses seven “churches,” including Laodicea (Revelation 3:14–22). Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today! The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. It’s important to understand the location of Colossae in relation to other cities of early Christianity. Michael intervenes, drives his spear into the earth, diverts the waters underground, saves the people, and creates the chasm that appears in the topography near Colossae. [21.5 km.] The once great city of Colossae in modern Turkey has never been excavated. [19] There were three cities in the immediate area: Colossae, Laodicea and Hierapolis. Join Michael Trainor on an exploration of this ancient city awaiting the spade! Pottery collected from Colossae’s surface shows that Colossae was occupied on and off from 3500 B.C.E. Yet Trainor is still able to reconstruct much of its history for BAR readers. The Epistle to the Colossians, an early Christian text which identifies its author as Paul the Apostle, is addressed to the church in Colossae. It was located in the valley of the Lycus River, roughly 100 miles east of Ephesus . From the Persian period through the Byzantine period, Colossae was a large, important city. [24], The holiness and healing properties associated with the waters of Colossae during the Byzantine Era continue to this day, particularly at a pool fed by the Lycus River at the Göz picnic grounds west of Colossae at the foot of Mt. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. Learn more about the Colossus of Rhodes in … "[4] Despite a treacherously ambiguous cartography and history, Colossae has been clearly distinguished in modern research from nearby Chonai (Χῶναι), now called Honaz, with what remains of the buried ruins of Colossae ("the mound") lying 3 km to the north of Honaz. ko-los'-e (Kolossai, "punishment"; the King James Version Colosse): A city of Phrygia on the Lycus River, one of the branches of the Meander, and 3 miles from Mt. Colossae was approximately 12 miles (19 km) from Laodicea and 14 miles (23 km) from Hierapolis. The location in proximity to other cities. [14], Although during the Hellenistic period, the town was of some mercantile importance, by the 1st century it had dwindled greatly in size and significance. In Colossians there is mention of local brethren in Colossae, Laodicea, and Hierapolis. During the Byzantine period, it even served as a Metropolitan See (an archdiocese) and had one of the largest churches in the Near East: the Church of St. Michael, named after the archangel Michael. Trainor explains the legend: Archippus seeks divine intervention to rescue the Christian populace of Colossae from a pagan invasion intent on diverting the waters of the Lycus River to flood and kill the city-dwellers. Outside the tell there are also remains of sections of columns that may have marked a processional way or the cardo. Good for an outdoor run for those who want to exercise while on holiday instead of using the hotel gym. Alternatively, the church might have been located where the modern city of Honaz now stands. The oracle contains a number of metaphors. Cadmus, 8,013 ft. high.  It was located in the region of Phrygia and in the roman province area. It was completely abandoned in 692 - 787 AD, because of the city Chonae was established at the location where today's Honaz District centre is located. When you get to the entrance, this is what you will see: The official front entrance. Your email address will not be published. "Colossae". Photo: Courtesy of Alan H. Cadwallader. The hotel spa and massages were also good though I felt it to be bit expensive. Cadmus, the highest mountain in Turkey's western Aegean Region, and between the cities Sardeis and Celaenae, and southeast of the ancient city of Hierapolis. The location is great. "Archaeology From Art: Investigating Colossae and the Miracle of the Archangel Michael at Kona. What kind of a city is Colossae? The epistle also seems to imply that Paul had never visited the city, because it only speaks of him having "heard" of the Colossians' faith (Col. 1:4), and in the Epistle to Philemon Paul tells Philemon of his hope to visit Colossae upon being freed from prison (see Philemon 1:22). At Colossae, Herodotusdescribes how, "the river Lycos falls into an opening of the earth and disappears from view, and then after an interval of about five furlongs it comes up to view again, and thi… A 17th-century B.C.E. The unexcavated site of Colossae sits near the modern city of Honaz at the base of Mt. COLOSSAE. There … As a matter of fact, “Xerxes, on his march to Sardes, B.C. It was located 15 km southeast of Laodicea on the road through the Lycus Valley near the Lycus River at the foot of Mt. Colossae was located in Phrygia, in Asia Minor. Cadmus (in modern Turkey). Known for healing the sick, St. Michael was a particularly important figure at Colossae. [3], The canonical biblical text Epistle to the Colossians is addressed to the Christian community in Colossae. Colossae was located 120 miles east of Ephesus in the Lycus River Valley in ancient Phrygia, part of the Roman territory of Asia Minor. In Cadwallader and Trainor, eds. Hittite inscription might reference the site, calling it Huwalušija. The site, located near the modern town of Honaz in Turkey, has never been excavated. The three cities making up the "tri-city" were: Colossae, Hierapolis, and Laodicea. Excerpt from the Lexham Bible Dictionary, the most advanced Bible dictionary. [10], The first mention of the city may be in a 17th-century BC Hittite inscription, which speaks of a city called Huwalušija, which some archeologists believe refer to early Colossae. The letter to the Colossians was addressed to the church located there. A city of SW Asia Minor. Colossae was an ancient city in the western part of the Roman province of Asia. In the Apostle Paul 's day Colossae was in the Roman province of Asia, though it formed part of the ancient region of Phrygia. The site is uninhabited at present. Locals consider the water to be therapeutic.[25]. To the untrained eye, the site may appear unimpressive, but great archaeological treasures lie beneath its surface. [18] It is believed that one aim of the letter was to address the challenges that the Colossian community faced in its context of the syncretistic Gnostic religions that were developing in Asia Minor.[16]. The etiological legend explains several topographical features of the landscape around Colossae, the movement of the Lycus River’s water underground and its healing properties, the meaning of the name given to Chonos/Honaz (meaning “plunging” or “funnels”), Colossae’s alleged relocation, and the largest church building in Asia Minor named after St. Michael. It was about 12 miles southeast of Laodicea on the road that lead from Ephesus to the Euphrates River in the east. [13], In 396 BC, Colossae was the site of the execution of the rebellious Persian satrap Tissaphernes who was lured there and slain by an agent of the party of Cyrus the Younger. "Colossae in Space and Time: Overcoming Dislocation, Dismemberment and Anachronicity". [11] Strabo notes that the city drew great revenue from the flocks, and that the wool of Colossae gave its name to colour colossinus. Although the Church of St. Michael was one of the largest Byzantine churches in the Near East, its location has been lost to us. It was once a significant economic centre, but Ephesus now held a significant advantage having direct seaport access. But Colossae’s importance as a business center diminished significantly around 100 BC, when the neighboring city of Laodicea was founded as an active and commercially aggressive competitor. 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